Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. Pruning techniques change slightly as a tree goes from a young, newly planted specimen, to a mature, fruit-bearing tree, to an established landscape tree. Never prune in winter (to avoid silver leaf disease). The key to avoiding this infection is to prune plum trees at the correct time of year (see below). Pruning a plum tree can serve two purposes, depending on which time of year you do it. The manner of pruning must be based on your idea of growing plum trees. Posted by 10 days ago. In this regard, pruning is similar to trimming, although the two techniques aren't exactly the same. How to Prune a Plum Tree. Eliminate any branches that cross over each other. Join Plum trees can be prone to silver leaf disease if pruned in winter, so cut them back in summer to encourage the development of bushy growth, which stops them becoming too large and unmanageable. We give a few tips and hopefully this will help get you started in your own orchards. It's best to prune young trees during the dormant season. Most … He worked as an expert consultant with eHow Now and Pro Referral -- a Home Depot site. Once a plum tree matures, and as long as it remains healthy, it doesn't need revitalization, and since winter pruning increases the risk of infection by silver leaf, it's better to avoid it. Young trees less than five-years-old should be pruned as little as possible. Close. Plums should be pruned in full spring-late April to mid May. You’ll need pruning shears to cut branches less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter and a hand saw to remove branches up to 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter. It isn't unusual for a plum tree to come to full maturity without any pruning at all. There are three commonly used methods of pruning plums: bush, pyramid and fan. Do this in early summer while fruits are still small and can be pinched out with your thumb and forefinger. Such a tree is bound to be unbalanced, with misshapen or dead branches, and undersized, hard-to-reach fruit. Plums are pruned in early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. The main purpose of pruning is to keep the tree healthy and maximize fruit yield, but the purpose can also be decorative, aimed at making the overall tree attractive in the landscape. Do not prune the sapling during the summer. Plums are pruned in early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection by … Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. If you are looking for a pruning specialist you can count on Smith Landscapers to quickly match you with Fort Mohave tree pruning specialists close to you. Why European Plum Trees Are a Great Choice . Young plums are generally pruned in early spring, before bud break, in order to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. It's never going to bear fruit, so you don't want it to sprout again. Plum trees grow fast while young, and require aggressive pruning while dormant through winter. In the third dormant season, the tree will have grown several more lateral shoots. A DIYer by nature, Deziel regularly shares tips and tricks for a better home and garden at Hunker.com. Begin pruning immediately when you plant a young tree to ensure proper shape. Pruning is mostly limited to removing crossing, weak, vertical and diseased material. Trees grafted onto ‘Pixy’ rootstocks will reach 3m (10ft), ‘St. Pruning a plum tree can serve two purposes, depending on which time of year you do it. Prune (verb) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive. You'll need a stable ladder to reach the top branches, a sharp pair of secateurs and a pruning saw, because some of the branches you need to remove are likely to have diameters in excess of 2 inches. Choose four or more of these evenly spaced around the trunk as keepers—along with the four original ones—and cut off the rest. Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. If your plum tree has suffered broken branches in high winds or due to a heavy fruit crop, it is always a good idea to deal with the broken branches immediately. Water sprouts do not produce plums. Botched plum tree pruning? Plum trees are best pruned in a vase format to get a short trunk … Remove fruits that haven’t fallen from the tree – they are often diseased – and destroy them. Here are some important things to know before you prune your plum tree. Justin Calverley from Sensory Gardens shows his technique for winter pruning of plum trees. 1/2. Pruning should be carried out in spring or summer. Use of the term "prune" for fresh plums is obsolete except when applied to varieties (of plum) grown for drying. I really like this tree and want to keep it healthy. There are three commonly used methods of plum pruning and training: bush, pyramid and fan. The wounds caused by pruning can make the tree susceptible because they allow the fungus to penetrate the wood. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected encourages new growth, fragrant flowers and healthy fruits. The most important thing to remember about pruning a plum tree is timing. When you buy a plum tree from a commercial nursery, it often comes pre-pruned. Chris Deziel is a contractor, builder and general fix-it pro who has been active in the construction trades for 40 years. When pruning it's essential to keep your secateurs sharp. The wounds caused by pruning can make the tree susceptible because they allow the fungus to penetrate the wood. Pruning helps balance the top growth of your tree with the root system, giving the roots time to re-establish in your yard before spring growth. Pruning fruit trees improve yield and quality. Summer Pruning Plum Trees. Start by removing all damaged, diseased and dead branches, cutting them back to healthy wood—which may mean cutting them back to the trunk. This robust plum tree is easy to grow and tends to be relatively frost-resistant. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. This tree can be grown in hardiness zones 4 to 9 in a full sun environment. The best time for pruning is usually spring for young trees and mid-summer for established ones. The best time to prune the plum tree is from the middle of June until August. When and how should I prune my Victoria plum tree? Avoid pruning plums in winter, as it increases the risk of infection by silver leaf disease to which plums and other Prunus species are prone. 12. 20 comments. Avoid pruning in the dormant season or in mid to late autumn, as there is risk of infection from silver leaf disease and bacterial canker. Prune (noun) The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum. Flowering Plum Tree Pruning. Blunt tools can cause branches to tear, leading to wounds on the tree that will attract disease. Pruning tools. Julien A’ rootstock, or 1.8m (6ft) for ‘Pixy’, after which, shorten the central leader to 2.5cm (1in) or less each May, to keep the tree at the same height, Vertical shoots at the top that compete with the central leader should be removed in late June, In the third week of July, shorten branch leaders to 20cm (8in), pruning to a downward or outward-facing bud in the axil of the leaf. 1. Plum tree pruning is therefore best carried out early spring to mid-summer. Pruning ornamental plum trees (Prunus spp.) They block airflow and access to fruit, and, in places where they rub against each there, the friction can remove bark and expose the tree to infection. When you prune in the winter, you revitalize the tree and stimulate growth the following spring, whereas when you do it in the summer, you slow unruly growth and limit the size of the tree.