It is the site of the first integrated ironworks in North America, founded by John Winthrop the Younger and in operation between 1646 and approximately 1670. In 1961, the AISI announced that it would no longer pay its annual maintenance subsidy, which left the future of the site uncertain. ironworks - Traduction Anglais-Français : Retrouvez la traduction de ironworks, mais également sa prononciation, des exemples avec le mot ironworks... - Dictionnaire, définitions, traduction, section_expression, conjugaison. Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent. ironworks - traduction anglais-français. It is located in Dommartin-le-Franc, near Wassy where Cistercian monks founded the first industrial ironworks in 1157. [2][5] The Braintree Iron Works, however, was unsuccessful due to a lack of iron ore in the area and an inadequate supply of water to power the machinery. LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web ! What is the definition of Saugus? Les lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs. News of the impending move caused outrage amongst Saugus residents and preservationists who, after extensive discussions, convinced Henry Ford not to acquire the building. Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. [6][7], The new iron works, which was called Hammersmith, began operations in 1646. ○   jokers, mots-croisés These emigrants did not fit in with the local Puritan society and often ran afoul of its laws. Experience your America and build a fulfilling career by joining the National Park Service. [7] John Gifford and William Aubrey assumed management of the Iron Works, with Gifford serving as ironmaster and Aubrey doing the accounting. ○   Anagrammes The tour takes about an hour to complete, and … Home. It is the site of the first integrated ironworks in North America, 1646 – 1668. Robbins also clashed with the project's architects, thinking them to be ignorant about and uninterested in archeological data. [11], After the iron works closed, the site fell into disuse and became hidden by underbrush. [15] The reconstruction was based on archeological evidence and historical documents, as well as partially on conjecture. [6][7] Once functioning, the Iron Works ran for thirty weeks of the year and produced one ton of cast iron a day.  | Informations It includes the reconstructed blast furnace, forge, rolling mill, shear, slitter and a quarter-ton trip hammer. It has a wharf to load the iron onto ocean-going vessels, as well as a large, restored 17th-century house. Construction began in 1644 and was completed in 1645. SAUGUS — Summer concerts are making an encore at the Saugus Iron Works. En savoir plus, File:Massachusetts Locator Map with US.PNG, Saugus Iron Mill - forge with bellows.JPG, un contenu abusif (raciste, pornographique, diffamatoire), National Park Service: Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site, Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area, Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (Massachusetts), U.S. National Register of Historic Places, History of the National Register of Historic Places, anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle, est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les. Bent eventually convinced the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) to fund the restoration of the Iron Works. Il est installé à Dommartin-le-Franc, près de Wassy où des moines cisterciens fondèrent la première forge industrielle en 1157. ironworks definition: 1. a factory where iron is produced or iron objects are made 2. a factory where iron is produced or…. Explore the place where European iron makers brought their special skills to a young Massachusetts colony. Ironwork definition is - work in iron; also : something made of iron. The same basic processes are used today: reducing iron oxide with carbon to produce metallic iron that can be cast in a mold, producing wrought iron by puddling cast iron, and fabricating wrought iron with power hammer and rolls. ○   Boggle. See more. [9] Most Scots were able to gain their freedom after seven years and afterwards they remained in Massachusetts or moved to Maine, where they started families and assimilated into Puritan society. Unfortunately, in the mid-1960s, AISI ceased to sponsor the project, and FIWA soon found that it did not have the funds to sustain its operation. [2][6] The Iron Works closed around 1670. [3], Skilled workers were brought over from England to ply their trade at the iron works. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. The Saugus Ironworks, the first commercial ironworks in North America, was an impressive technological achievement for an early colony. [13] According to archaeologist and author Donald W. Linebaugh, it was also due in part because of the decision of the FIWA to base the reconstruction of the Iron Works primarily on documentary evidence instead of archaeological evidence. Participer au concours et enregistrer votre nom dans la liste de meilleurs joueurs ! Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site is a National Historic Site about 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Boston in Saugus, Massachusetts. Add Definition. The Saugus ironworks restoration.. [First Iron Works Association.] Fixer la signification de chaque méta-donnée (multilingue). Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID). Write it here to share it with the entire community. Definition, Synonyms, Translations of Sauf by The Free Dictionary How do you use Saugus in a sentence? The Saugus Ironworks Restoration was overseen by the First Iron Works Association (FIWA), a preservation society organized for the purpose of managing the Iron Works House, and funded by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). [3][5] After arriving in Massachusetts, Leader reviewed the previous site survey and looked into some other locations. L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU). What is the meaning of Saugus? During the 17th century, iron was used to manufacture a number of indispensable goods, including nails, horseshoes, cookware, tools, and weapons. Nous contacter [16], The Boston architecture firm of Perry, Shaw & Hepburn, Kehoe & Dean, which was responsible for the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg, was hired to reconstruct the Iron Works. Ironworks definition, an establishment where iron is smelted or where it is cast or wrought. A 1950's 16mm film documenting the restoration of Saugus Iron Works by the American Iron and Steel Institute. [16] Robbins was aided by a historical researcher (Professor E. Neal Hartley of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology), metallurgic experts, specialists from Harvard University's biological laboratory and botanical museum, and a professional photographer. ○   Lettris Changer la langue cible pour obtenir des traductions. Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. This nine-acre National Park includes working waterwheels, forges, mills, an historic 17th century home, and a lush river basin. [9][10], In 1650, Leader, who had encountered difficulties with the Undertakers, left the Iron Works to go into the sawmill business. Saugus Ironworks is a factory Location in the far Eastern area of The Commonwealth. [2][6][9] The less experienced local men who worked at the Iron Works met with frequent and sometimes fatal accidents. The same basic processes are used today: reducing iron oxide with carbon to produce metallic iron that can be cast in a mold, producing wrought iron by puddling cast iron, and fabricating wrought iron with power hammer and rolls. National Historic Site Massachusetts. [9] Following the Battle of Dunbar in 1650, 60 Scottish prisoners of war were sent to the Iron Works to work as indentured servants. As it took at least two months to sail to the nearest foundry, iron goods were very expensive. Nutting used Broadhearth to showcase his collection of antiques, photographs, and reproduction furniture. Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site listed as SAIR Looking for abbreviations of SAIR? See more. [2], In 1645, the Undertakers wrote to Winthrop informing him that Richard Leader, a merchant from Salehurst who was familiar with the iron making process, would replace him as manager of the Iron Works. In the 1950s a recovery project was begun, and the whole place has been gorgeously reconstructed. It includes the reconstructed blast furnace, forge, rolling mill, shear, slitter and a quarter-ton trip hammer. Learn more. Learn about things to do at the Saugus Iron Works, … Although Bent was unimpressed by the house, he was interested in the property's slag pile, which indicated that the site could contain the remains of an iron works. SAIR - Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site. Instead he reached an agreement with the Alumni Association of the Henry Ford Trade School, which intended on moving the building to Henry Ford's Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan. Robbins was interested in the idea of digging at a site that was over three hundred years old, the challenge of working on a site where there little information, including no plans or sketches, and the opportunity to work at what may have been the first iron-manufacturing plant in the American colonies. Forums pour discuter de ironworks, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. The Saugus ironworks (1646–c.1670; restored 1954) were the first successful enterprise of the kind in the colonies. [18] The Saugus Iron Works was opened on September 18, 1954, the first day of Saugus’ three-day celebration of the town's 325th anniversary. The National … [16] Robbins departure came not long after a dispute with Bent, who wanted Robbins to give tours of the excavation site on weekends in addition to his other duties. Some learned skills such as making charcoal, blacksmithing and carpentry.  | Dernières modifications. Jouer, Dictionnaire de la langue françaisePrincipales Références. Robbins abruptly left the Iron Works in 1953. The location is a large multi-level ironworks factory, consisting of the main factory and a few smaller buildings on the roof and at ground level. Learn about the history and development of Saugus Iron Works. It is Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site. Many ironworkers were arrested for crimes such as drunkenness, adultery, gambling, fighting, cursing, not attending church, and wearing fine clothes. Ironwork, architectural features of buildings, artwork, utensils, and weapons made of iron. There are several stages of iron production, much of it "[12] Eventually, the plaque too became obscured by the underbrush and remained camouflaged until it was discovered during the restoration of the Iron Works. Has a wharf to load the iron Workes [ sic ] in 1920,,. 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